A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Systematics and other topics

A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 28 Nov 2015, 21:53

The Vespinae of South America and Central America has not been studied in detail and no comprehensive review or keys exist on the Vespinae of Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras), However a key to South American Vespula has been given by Barrera & Vidal (2013). A few scattered records of Vespula species in Central America have been done by Bequaert (1930, 1932, 1941a,b) Bohart & Betchel (1957), Miller (1961), Eck (1994, 1996), Dvorak (2006), Saramiento & carpenter (2006), West-Eberhard & Carpenter (2006), Cancino (2010), and Landolt et al (2010). Information on the distribution of Vespine wasps in Mexico while scant, has been done by Rodriquez Palafox (1996), Carpenter & Kojima (1997), Landolt et al (2010), and Archer (2012). Information on the Guatemalan Vespinae fauna has been covered by Landolt et al (2009,2010) and Carpenter et al (2012). So far only one species of Vespula (V. squamosa michoacana) has been recorded from Honduras Hunt et al (2001).

Regarding South American Vespid wasps, Only two species are present: Vespula vulgaris and Vespula germanica, Both of which are invasive species found in Chile and Argentina and were introduced from other parts of the world. A few studies on these wasps have been done by Estay et al (2008), Maschiocci et al (2010), Maschiocci & Corley (2011,2012) and Villicide et al (2014). A determination key to the Vespula species found in Chile has been given by Barrerra & Vidal (2013). Here is a link to a list of paperes on the Vespinae of South America: http://independent.academia.edu/Anthony ... th-America

Regarding the Central American Vespinae fauna, Two species of Vespa have been introduced: Vespa orientalis in Mexico Dvorak (2006), and Vespa crabro in Guatemala Landolt et al (2012). These two species are not established and no further specimens have been collected. Eight species of Vespula can be found south of the border with four V. alascensis, V. atropilosa, V. pensylvanica and V. sulphurea reported in northwest Mexico (Baja California Norte) and one species V. maculifrons occurring in northeast Mexico, V. inexpectata in the central highlands, V. squamosa occurs from the Texas border south to central Mexico, and V. squamosa michoacana in central Mexico south to Guatemala and Honduras. V. akrei is currently known from Guatemala where it is sympatric with V. squamosa michoacana. Here is a link to some studies on the Vespinae of Central America: http://independent.academia.edu/Anthony ... al-America

CHECKLIST AND NOTES ON THE VESPINAE OF CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA

GENUS VESPA
1.) Vespa crabro Linnaeus
Notes: This species has been introduced into Guatemala and is not currently established there and no further specimens have been collected Landolt et al (2010): http://www.academia.edu/1463627/Landolt ... al_America

2.) Vespa orientalis Linnaeus
Notes: This species has been accidentally introduced into Mexico where a single specimen was collected. It is not knoen to be established and no further reports of this species in Mexico have been made Dvorak (2006): http://www.academia.edu/2363978/Dvorak_ ... _Vespinae_

GENUS VESPULA
1.) Vespula atropilosa Sladen: http://www.academia.edu/4995613/Alloves ... laden_1918
Notes: This species has been recorded from Baja California Norte by Carpenter & Kojima (1997) http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Atropilosa

2.) Vespula akrei Landolt: http://www.academia.edu/4996885/Paraves ... ndolt_2010
Notes: This species is endemic to Guatemala where it is sympatric with V. squamosa michoacana Bequaert. V. akrei is included in the key in Archer (2012)
The figure in Carpenter et al (2012) (figura. 6) for Vespula akrei is actually a queen of V. squamosa michoacana. http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Akrei

3.) Vespula alascensis Packard: http://www.academia.edu/4999123/Paraves ... kard_1870_
Notes: This species was previously known as Vespula vulgaris until the taxonomic study of Carpenter & glare (2010) which shows that Vespula alascensis was a distinct species. V. alascensis occurs in Mexico in Durango and Oaxaca Rodriquez Palafox (1996), Carpenter & Kojima (1997). The reports of it occurring in Central Mexico by various authors most likely followed the distributional data in Miller (1961) who listed a few specimens of "vulgaris" from the Central highlands of Mexico. These Mexican species are actually that of V. inexpectata. The exact distribution of V. alascensis or any other Mexican Vespula species far from complete. http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Alascensis

4.) Vespula germanica Fabricius: http://www.academia.edu/5000384/Paraves ... cius_1793_
Notes: This species has been introduced to South America (Argentina & Chile) Carpenter & Kojima (1997) Villicide (2014). It has not been reported from Central America.
http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Germanica

5.) Vespula inexpectata Eck: http://www.academia.edu/5000390/Paraves ... a_Eck_1994
Notes: Currently this species is known from Central Mexico. This species is known from very few specimens. It was described by Eck (1994) and was included in the key to Nearctic Paravespula species by Eck (1996). It was later redescribed by Landolt et al (2010). Archer (1998) considered it a synonym of V. maculifrons Buysson, and later Archer (2012) considered it a synonym of Vespula alascensis Packard. I however, consider V. inexpectata to be a distinct species endemic to Mexico. Practically nothing is known about this wasp and further specimens and observations would greatly enhance our knowledge on this little known wasp. http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Ve ... nexpectata

6.) Vespula maculifrons Buysson: http://www.academia.edu/5000430/Paraves ... sson_1905_
Notes: This species occurs in Tamilipas, Hidalgo, and Nuevo Leon Carpenter & Kojima (1997). A few additional Mexican specimens were examined by Archer (2012). http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Ve ... aculifrons

7.) Vespula pensylvanica Saussure: http://www.academia.edu/5000487/Paraves ... sure_1857_
Notes: This species has been found in Baja California Norte, Mexico, and Michoacan Snelling (1970) Carpenter & Kojima (1997). http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Ve ... nsylvanica

8.) Vespula squamosa Drury: http://www.academia.edu/5000535/Paraves ... rury_1773_
Notes: This species has been reported from Mexico by Carpenter & Kojima (1997). http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Squamosa

9.) Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert: http://www.academia.edu/5000544/Paraves ... uaert_1941
Notes: This is considered a subspecies of Vespula squamosa by Miller (1961) and Archer (2012). It has been recorded in Central Mexico, south to Guatemala and Honduras Bequaert (1941) Hunt et al (2001) Landolt (2009, 2010) and Carpenter et al (2012). http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Ve ... Michoacana

10.) Vespula sulphurea Saussure: http://www.academia.edu/5000559/Paraves ... sure_1854_
Notes: This species has been recorded in Baja California Norte Bohart & Betchel (1957) Carpenter & Kojima (1997). http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Sulphurea

11.) Vespula vulgaris Linnaeus: http://www.academia.edu/5000566/Paraves ... aeus_1758_
Notes: This species has been introduced into South America where it has been recorded from Argentina Masciocchi et al (2010) and Chile Barrera & Vidal (2013). It is not present in Central America. http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Vespula_Vulgaris
Attachments
2.jpg
Vespula alascensis Packard queen worker and male clypeal patterns
2.jpg
Vespula alascensis Packard queen worker and male gaster patterns
2.jpg
Vespula alascensis Packard worker
2.jpg
Vespula akrei Landolt worker Guatemala
1.jpg
Vespula akrei Landolt Holotype
1.jpg
Vespula atropilosa Sladen queen worker and male
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis

Re: A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 01 Dec 2015, 23:12

Here are some images of Vespula germanica (F.) and Vespula maculifrons Buysson (all castes)
Attachments
2.jpg
Vespula maculifrons Buysson male
2.jpg
Vespula maculifrons Buysson worker
2.jpg
Vespula maculifrons Buysson queen
2.jpg
Vespula germanica Fabricius all castes
2.jpg
Worker of Vespula germanica Fabricius
2.jpg
Queen of Vespula germanica Fabricius
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis

Re: A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 01 Dec 2015, 23:27

Here are some images of a queen and the worker paratype of Vespula inexpectata Eck
Attachments
1.jpg
Head and thorax of worker Vespula inexpectata Eck
1.jpg
Gaster pattern of Vespula inexpectata Eck side view
2.jpg
Gater pattern of worker of Vespula inexpectata Eck
1.jpg
Thorax of worker of Vespula inexpectata Eck
2.jpg
Clypeal pattern of Vespula inexpectata Eck
1.jpg
Queen of Vespula inexpectata Eck
1.jpg (11 KiB) Viewed 863 times
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis

Re: A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 01 Dec 2015, 23:36

Here are some images of all castes of Vespula pensylvanica Saussure and Vespula vulgaris Linnaeus.
Attachments
1.jpg
Vespula vulgaris Linnaeus all castes
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula vulgaris Linnaeus
1.jpg
Queen of Vespula vulgaris Linnaeus
1.jpg
Gaster patterns of queen male and worker Vespula pensylvanica Saussure
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula pensylvanica Saussure
1.jpg
Queen of Vespula pensylvanica Saussure
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis

Re: A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 01 Dec 2015, 23:45

Here are some images of queens and workers of Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert. This subspecies can be found from Central Mexico south to Guatemala and Honduras.
Attachments
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert from Mexico
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert from Mexico
1.jpg (11.69 KiB) Viewed 843 times
1.jpg
Queen of Vespula squamosa michoacana from Mexico
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert from Mexico
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert from Mexico
1.jpg
Queen and workers of Vespula squamosa michoacana Bequaert from Guatemala
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis

Re: A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 01 Dec 2015, 23:56

The southernmost distribution for both Vespula squamosa Drury and Vespula sulphurea Saussure is northern Mexico. Vespula squamosa could extend to central Mexico where it is replaced by subspecies michaocana.
Attachments
1.jpg
Gaster patterns of all three castes of Vespula squamosa Drury
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula squamosa Drury
1.jpg
Queen of Vespula squamosa Drury
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula sulphurea Saussure
1.jpg
Queen of Vespula sulphurea Saussure
1.jpg (10.24 KiB) Viewed 828 times
1.jpg
Worker of Vespula sulphurea Saussure
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis

Re: A Review of the Vespinae of Central & South America

Postby Anthony Daglio on 11 Dec 2015, 03:05

Here is an interesting blog I found on the Vespidae of Chile: http://vespidaechile.blogspot.com/

And here is another interesting blog I found on the Vespidae of Guatemala: https://hymenopteraguatemala.wordpress. ... /vespidae/
Anthony Daglio
 
Posts: 210
Joined: 04 Jul 2013, 08:45
registration check: hymis


Return to Expert Forum / Expertenforum

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

cron